The United States Pharmacopeia (USP) is a compendium of drug, supplement and food ingredients standards issued by the nonprofit United States Pharmacopeia Convention and has been recognized by the United States government. However, USP is not an institution or organization of government. Established in 1906 independently, USP has a mission to improve global health through public standards and related programs to help ensure the quality, safety, and benefits of food and medicine.
Considering that USP is a collection of summaries devoted to qualitative and quantitative research in pharmacy and food, USP can also be found in form of various pharmacopeia or international standard scientific reference books which are also the output of the USP Convention and have their own specifications. The three compendia are the USP Reference Standards (USP RS), USP-National Formulary (USP-NF), and USP Food Chemicals Codex (USP FCC).
USP Reference Standards
USP RS is a comparison used by researchers around the world as a reference in pharmaceutical research, whether it is qualitative or quantitative research. As a reference, of course, USP RS products comply with the rules listed in the USP-NF, so there is no doubt about the quality or purity of the ingredients.
The USP RS itself is a liquid that is packaged in small bottles so that it allows pharmaceutical manufacturers to easily test their products before they are publicized. The focus of USP RS products lies in:
- Medicinal substances
- Purification process
- Detects degraded products
- Food composition
- Food supplements
- Compendium of reagents
- Performance test tablet
It is very important for a product to follow the requirements in the USP-NF monograph so that it can meet the health standards (mainly drugs). As a result, the products can be legally traded and consumed by not only certain circles of society but also by the global community. By using the USP RS, the whole content of the product tested can be identified so the researcher will know its identity, quality, purity, and strength. By doing that, it can be recognized by official US standards and considered effective for the consumption of people around the world.